In the 1690s, the colonists tried again and sent Reverend James Blair who spent several years in England lobbying and finally obtained a royal charter for the desired new school, which was named the College of William and Mary in honor of the monarchs of the time.When Reverend Blair returned to Virginia, the new school was founded in a safe place, Middle Plantation in 1693.Rediscovered in the 1920s in the Bodleian Library in Oxford, England, it was used in the restorations and reconstructions during the 20th century.
On April 27, 1704, Francis Nicholson asked the House of Burgesses to allow purchase of four old homes on the site so they could be demolished.
On May 5, Henry Cary and his workers tore the homes down, and gave the owner of the property, Col.
To offer protection for the farming and fishing communities lower on the Peninsula, the colonists built a stockade across the lake to provide some security from attacks by the natives.
Lying along the center-line of the Virginia Peninsula, the location which became Williamsburg was some distance from both the James River and the York River.
Jamestown, which had been the original capital of Virginia Colony, remained as such until its burning during the 3 events of Bacon's Rebellion in 1676.
Immediately after Governor William Berkeley regained control, temporary quarters for the functions of the seat of government were established about 12 miles (19 km) away on the high ground at Middle Plantation while the Statehouse at Jamestown was rebuilt.
An early attempt at Henricus failed after the Indian Massacre of 1622.
The location at the outskirts of the developed part of the colony had left it more vulnerable to the attack.
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