Canada's National Sex Offender Registry (NSOR) came into force on 15 December 2004, with the passing of the Sex Offender Information Registration Act (SOIR Act). Since 2001, the Province of Ontario operates its own sex offender registry concurrently with the federal registry.
Unlike the federal registry which has an opt-out provision if an offender can convince a judge they are not a threat, the Ontario registry has no such provision.
Sex offender registries exist in many English-speaking countries, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United States, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, South Africa, the United Kingdom, Israel and the Republic of Ireland.
Sex offender registration does not exist outside of the English-speaking world, however.
Those on parole or probation may be subject to restrictions that do not apply to other parolees or probationers.
Sometimes, these include (or have been proposed to include) restrictions on being in the presence of underage persons (under the age of majority), living in proximity to a school or day care center, owning toys or items targeted towards children, or using the Internet.
Individuals are subject to these registration requirements for varying durations, based on a sliding scale of the severity of the sentence they received.
This scale is as follows: The New Zealand government has plans to introduce a sex offenders register by the end of 2014.
As a result, individuals who have been convicted of a designated offence at any time after 2001, and relocate to Ontario, are obligated to register for a period of at least 10 years.
The registration period begins on the day the ex-offender relocates to Ontario.
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In offense-based systems, registration is required when a person is convicted under one of the listed offenses requiring registration. states applying risk-based systems are pressured by the U. federal government to adopt offense-based systems in accordance with Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act.