Some Indian analysts believe that China is pursuing a two-pronged strategy of lulling India into complacency with greater economic interaction while taking steps to encircle India and undermine its security. China's concern that the deepening U. Both China and India were initially cool to the idea of China-India-Russia trilateral cooperation when Russian Prime Minister Primakov began pushing the idea in the late 1990s.
As India reaches into the Malacca Straits, Beijing is creating a "string of pearls" surrounding India by developing strategic port facilities in Sittwe, Burma; Chittagong, Bangladesh; and Gwadar, Pakistan to protect sea lanes and ensure uninterrupted energy supplies.
India is wary of China's efforts to engage its South Asian neighbors in military and economic matters.
Furthermore, India last week hosted a trilateral meeting of the foreign ministers, marking the first time that it has hosted such a high-level China- India-Russia meeting.
This meeting will be welcomed by Indian leftists, who have expressed wariness over India's increasingly cozy relations with the United States.
As the world increasingly acknowledges India's rising power status, India is adapting its foreign policy to meet the international challenges of the 21st century and to increase its global influence and status.
For many years, India took pride in its role as leader of the Non-Aligned Movement and viewed itself as the primary defender of the rights of the less developed countries. legislation allowing civilian nuclear cooperation with India represents a significant milestone for the relationship.
The tide of suspicion began to turn, however, after the Chinese adopted a position favorable to India on the Indo-Pakistani Kargil conflict in 1999, spurring the current thaw.
New Delhi is seeking Chinese support in the Nuclear Suppliers Group, which must develop a consensus on extending civilian nuclear cooperation to India before the agreement can take effect.
In the past few years, New Delhi has expanded its strategic vision, most noticeably in Asia, and has broadened the definition of its security interests. In June 2006, Indian Defense Minister Pranab Mukherjee (the current foreign minister) described India's foreign policy: "Premised on the twin policies of no extra-territorial ambition and no export of ideology, India seeks the peaceful resolution of all disputes." He went on to say that "[s]imultaneous improvement in ties with the U. Washington's and New Delhi's strategic perceptions are increasingly converging, and there is tremendous opportunity to cooperate and coordinate in this dynamic region. India's involvement in Asia will help both to ensure that one country does not dominate the area and to encourage stability in a region that will take center stage in the 21st century. S.-India Relationship The extent to which India will associate itself with U. power and global policies is still a subject of debate within the Indian strategic community. objectives in Asia to support democracy, free trade, economic prosperity, and nuclear nonproliferation, given China's and Russia's uneven records on promoting these key principles in their foreign relations. Both the Bush Administration and the government of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh expended a tremendous amount of political capital to overcome skepticism from their nuclear establishments, which continue to harbor distrust toward each other. to veto any technology transfer to third countries.) The U. also reportedly gave India a classified briefing on the Patriot Advanced Capability (PAC-3) theater missile defense system in September 2005. Pakistani reaction to potential U.
While India has focused special attention on cultivating ties to the United States since 2000, the overall thrust of its foreign policy has been to seek geopolitical partnerships in multiple directions to serve its national interests. S., EU, and Russia and Southeast Asia, Japan, Korea, and China demonstrates that for the first time in its diplomatic history, India is forging significant strategic ties with both West and EastAsia." Broadening Indian engagement across the globe, especially in Asia, is in the U. Because India is a fellow democracy without hegemonic interests and with a propensity to seek peaceful resolution of conflicts, its increased economic and political involvement in Asia will help to further overall U. A majority within India's policy elites envision India becoming a major pole in a multipolar world. They are skeptical of perceived American unilateralism and therefore believe that India must maintain its strategic autonomy through an extended strategic neighborhood, including East and Southeast Asia and, to some extent, the Middle East. should support the new generation of Indian foreign policy thinkers by nodding to India's multidirectional diplomacy; but it should also make clear that Washington views the trilateral China-India-Russia arrangement as a potential irritant to relations. India's rapidly growing energy requirements have become one of the primary drivers of its foreign policy in Asia. In the Middle East, for example, India is trying to balance its need for Iranian natural gas and oil with pressure from the U. to adopt stronger policies toward Tehran that will discourage its pursuit of nuclear weapons. Expectations are high in Washington that the civil nuclear agreement-which must still pass several key hurdles, such as the completion of a bilateral agreement on the terms for civil nuclear trade-will deepen military cooperation, trade links, and geopolitical engagement with New Delhi. S.-India cooperation on missile defense has been varied. and Indian views of the fundamental threat posed by terrorist groups based in Pakistan began to converge following the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
Energy has been a source of cooperation and competition between China and India in recent years.