July 10; the exploring party of Etienne Veniard, Sieur de Bourgmont, camps at the present site of Kansas City, Missouri.
Many flee to islands in Georgian Bay; some seek refuge with the Ottawa, Petun, or French, while others become adopted captives of the Iroquois. Father Charles Garnier and Father Noel Chabanel, missionaries to the Petun at St.
Jean, are tortured to death by the Iroquois, bringing the number of Jesuit martyrs to five.
Petun and Huron refugees leave Ontario, and spend the winter of 1649-50 on Mackinac Island.c.
1650 - First French contact with the Shawnee in Tennessee, where they have drifted from Ohio. The Five Nations temporarily control all the lands on either side of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.1673 - In May, Father Marquette and Louis Joliet set out from St.
With his followers he leaves Detroit to establish a new village at Lower Sandusky (present Fremont, Ohio).
With his followers he leaves Detroit to establish a new village at Lower Sandusky (present Fremont, Ohio).1744 - August 8; Fort de la Trinite, popularly called Fort de Cavagnial, is established by the French on the west bank of the Missouri River near the principal Kansa village, just north of the present Fort Leavenworth.Ottawa to Wyandot to Iroquois fur trade flourishes, supported by Wyandot agricultural surplus.South of the Hurons is a second, smaller Wyandot confederacy, the Tionontate, called Petun by the French.1560 - Iroquoian tribes south of the Great Lakes, at war with each other and surrounded by more numerous Algonquian enemies, are on the verge of extinction.The Iroquois Confederacy, the League of the Five Nations, is founded by Deganawidah and Hiawatha. 1600 - The name "Hurons" is given to the Wyandots of the Huron Confederacy by the French.A Shawnee colony called the Savannah is in South Carolina, where they form a buffer between the Cherokee and the Catawba.1652-c.1665 - The Wyandots and Ottawa move inland from Green Bay to the Mississippi River, then drift north to Chequamegon on Lake Superior in Sioux country, where they resume fur trade with the French.1653-1656 - The Erie lose a protracted war with the Iroquois. Ignace to find the great river described by the Illinois Indians.