I have heard [the Christian musician] Michael Card say that the anchor was a primary Christian symbol until about 400 AD. As Michael Card observes in his recent album, : "The first century symbol wasn't the cross; it was the anchor.
Such expressions as , or "peace be with you" speak to the hope Christians felt in their anticipation of heaven.
Archaeologists found about 70 examples of these kinds of messages in one cemetery alone.
Few studies employed control groups and most had small samples.
Almost all parents were Anglo-American, middle class, and well educated.
Children raised in traditional families by a mother and father are happier, healthier, and more successful than children raised in non-traditional environments.
David Cramer, whose review of twenty studies on homosexual parenting appeared in the The generalizability of the studies is limited.
Yet much of that research fails to meet acceptable standards for psychological research; it is compromised by methodological flaws and driven by political agendas instead of an objective search for truth.
In addition, openly lesbian researchers sometimes conduct research with an interest in portraying homosexual parenting in a positive light.
The overlooking of such deficiencies in research papers on homosexual failures can be attributed to the "politically correct" determination within those in the social science professions to "prove" that homosexual households are no different than traditional families.
However, no amount of scholarly legerdemain contained in an accumulation of flawed studies can obscure the well-established and growing body of evidence showing that both mothers and fathers provide unique and irreplaceable contributions to the raising of children.
Silverstein and Auerbach, for example, see no essential difference between traditional mother-father families and homosexual-led families: "Other aspects of personal development and social relationships were also found to be within the normal range for children raised in lesbian and gay families." They suggest that "gay and lesbian parents can create a positive family context."2 This conclusion is echoed in the official statement on homosexual parenting by the , authored by openly lesbian activist Charlotte J.