They were perhaps the most famous cultural landmarks of the region, and the site was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site along with the surrounding cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley.
The Chinese Buddhist pilgrim Xuanzang passed through the area around 630, and described Bamiyan in the Da Tang Xiyu Ji as a flourishing Buddhist center "with more than ten monasteries and more than a thousand monks".
In July 1999, Mullah Mohammed Omar issued a decree in favor of the preservation of the Bamiyan Buddha's statue.
Because Afghanistan's Buddhist population no longer exists, which removed the possibility of the statues being worshiped, he added: "The government considers the Bamiyan statues as an example of a potential major source of income for Afghanistan from international visitors.
Once he was in control of Bamiyan in 1998, Wahed drilled holes in the Buddhas' heads for explosives.
He was prevented from taking further action by the local governor and direct order of Mullah Omar, although tyres were burnt of the head on the great Buddha.
They are believed to have been built by the Kushans, with the guidance of local Buddhist monks, at the heyday of their empire.
The larger figure was also said to portray Dīpankara Buddha.It was a Buddhist religious site from the 2nd century up to the time of the Islamic invasion in the 9th century.Monks at the monasteries lived as hermits in small caves carved into the side of the Bamiyan cliffs.Before being blown up in 2001 they were the largest examples of standing Buddha carvings in the world.Since then the Spring Temple Buddha has been built in China, and at 128 m (420 ft) it is the tallest statue in the world.He also noted that both Buddha figures were "decorated with gold and fine jewels" (Wriggins, 1995).